Tooth decay is the most common oral problem suffered by the younger mass. The studies show almost 200 million people are diagnosed with tooth decay every year, of all age groups. Tooth decay is a dental condition when the Enamel of the tooth gets worn out as well as the Dentin. Cavities are the primary reason for tooth decay which builds up mostly due to poor oral hygiene. However, tooth decay can easily be avoided or treated by maintaining basic oral hygiene practices.
A high carbohydrate diet escalates the bacteria-building process in your mouth. Feeding on the starch and sugar present in the food, the bacteria produce acids which escalate the plaque building process. Plaques not only build on the outer or the inner surface of the enamel but also between the teeth. Plaque can do serious damage to the teeth if not removed in time. Not only it hardens and causes Gingivitis or Periodontitis, but the acid present in it also damages the enamel’s outer surface.
Initially, the acids damage the outer surface which creates a few white spots on the enamel. These spots will later wear out and multiple holes will appear on the enamel. Once the acids are through the enamel it reaches a softer tissue in the Dentin. The Dentin carries tubes that connect to the nerves in the root. As the Dentin suffers damages, you will start feeling sudden sensitivities while eating cold food or chewing harder food particles.
If you don’t treat it quickly the damage will escalate to the pulp resulting in a swell. The nerves in the pulp can damage-causing serious pain and even bleeding. If the pulp is damaged severely, it can develop inflation, causing a pocket of puss and blood (abscess) inside the pulp. Abscess causes serious pain in the gums and eventually spread onto the jaw, face, and even the neck. You may suffer from sudden fever apart from the pain in the face. The abscess can cause infection in the pulp and as a result, the enamel can lose its grip and eventually fall off the jawbone.
Tooth decay can e avoided by maintaining basic oral hygiene as well as the occasional visit to the dentist.